Four Popular Coffee Myths, Debunked by Science

Patrick Allan 08/18/2017. 24 comments
Myths Debunking Coffee Science Studies Research Espresso Caffeine Feature Editors Picks

You crave it in the morning, you wait in long lines for it, and I’m drinking it while I write this: coffee is everywhere. But that means misinformation about it is everywhere too. Coffee doesn’t rob you of water, sober you up, or keep your children short, so let’s grind up these myths and brew a hot pot of truth.

Myth: Coffee Dehydrates You

The notion that coffee dehydrates you is a widespread misconception, much to the chagrin of waitstaff everywhere who are asked for “a coffee and a water” only to later clear a table of untouched water glasses. This concept originated because caffeine, a main ingredient in coffee, is a diuretic, or a substance that makes you go pee a lot. The logic seems sound; the more you pee, the more water your body is losing, right? But that logic is missing one important part of the whole “drinking coffee” formula: the water you’re drinking in the coffee.

Marie Barone, Registered Dietician at the UC Davis Medical Center, suggests that drinking a few cups a day is not going to dehydrate you. Why? Coffee is mostly water by a longshot, and that water definitely counts toward your daily fluid intake . In one study, published in the Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, researchers found no evidence that moderate consumption of any caffeine-containing beverages leads to fluid loss in excess of what’s ingested. Basically, the water going out is being replaced with the water going in. Another more recent study, published in PLOS ONE, suggests that three cups of coffee a day is equivalent to three cups of water a day when it comes to hydration. The diuretic effect of caffeine is slight, and it’s something you build tolerance to quickly.

Myth: Coffee Sobers You Up

If you have a drinking friend tell you they just need a cup of coffee and they’ll be all good to drive, handcuff them to a chair, railing, or anything that will keep them from driving. Not only does coffee have no sobering effects , it actually makes it harder for you to recognize if you’re drunk. According to a study published in the journal Behavioral Neuroscience, the wakefulness and awareness boost that comes with caffeine intake can make you feel capable of driving home when you aren’t. Thomas Gould, Ph.D., the co-author of the study, explains to the American Psychological Association:

The myth about coffee’s sobering powers is particularly important to debunk because the co-use of caffeine and alcohol could actually lead to poor decisions with disastrous outcomes. People who have consumed only alcohol, who feel tired and intoxicated, may be more likely to acknowledge that they are drunk. Conversely, people who have consumed both alcohol and caffeine may feel awake and competent enough to handle potentially harmful situations, such as driving while intoxicated or placing themselves in dangerous social situations.

So, what can you actually do to sober up? Drink water to keep yourself hydrated, eat some food to help slow the absorption of alcohol, and wait it out . There’s no magic elixir that will sober you up, and believing one exists is a potential danger to you and others.

Myth: Coffee Stunts Your Growth

You can blame the “coffee stunts your growth” myth on some clever advertising, believe it or not. It most likely started when Postum, a coffee alternative made from roasted wheat bran, wheat, and molasses, began a smear campaign at the turn of the 20th century denouncing coffee’s effects on people’s health, especially children. It worked. Ads (like the one above from 1933) terrified parents by telling them that coffee stunted their children’s growth and would make them jittery, nervous, and unable to learn in school. Postum’s cryptic slogan of “There’s a reason” certainly didn’t help.

There have been studies, however, that correlate caffeine intake with reduced bone mass and lower calcium absorption. One study, led by Douglas Kiel, MD at Harvard Medical School, and published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, suggests that caffeinated soft drinks lead to lower bone mineral density in elderly women, but there’s not enough evidence to say for certain. And in another study, led by Robert Heaney, MD, at the Creighton University School of Medicine, also published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Heaney notes that most research linking caffeine to bone mass is conducted on elderly people whose diets are already low on sources of calcium because they drink so much coffee and soda and don’t drink anything else.

The bottom line is there’s no evidence whatsoever that coffee stunts growth, and it’s unlikely that caffeine even affects bone health in anyone who isn’t already struggling to maintain it. That said, caffeine is a stimulant, and kids as well as adults should consume it in moderation. The U.S. doesn’t have any official guidelines for caffeine intake, but Health Canada has recommendations for kids, adults, and even pregnant women.

Myth: An Espresso Has More Caffeine Than a Cup of Coffee

If you’re comparing a shot of espresso to an average cup of coffee (about 8 oz. according to the National Coffee Association), that cup of joe actually packs way more of a jolt. As Coffee Chemistry explains, 8 oz. of black coffee has somewhere between 65-140 mg of caffeine (an average of 92.5 mg), and a typical 1 oz. espresso shot has somewhere between 30-50 mg (an average of 40 mg). So a serving of coffee has 2.3x as much caffeine as a serving of espresso, on average. That means when you order an americano at the coffee shop, make sure you’re only doing it for the flavor, because you’re not getting more caffeine. You’re probably getting less.

That said, if you were to compare them by volume, coffee only has 8-15 mg of caffeine per ounce, and espresso still averages 40 mg per ounce. But you’d probably never order a single, 8 oz. espresso, so it’s a moot point. The idea that espresso has more caffeine than regular coffee likely comes from the fact that espresso has a much darker roast, and there’s an assumption that the bolder taste of a darker roast correlates with higher caffeine content. This is also untrue.

Illustration by Angelica Alzona. Photos by waferboard, Mike Kniec, Pen Waggener.

HighResolutionMusic.com - Download Hi-Res Songs

1 Katy Perry

365 flac

Katy Perry. 2019. Writer: Zedd;Katy Perry;Caroline Ailin;Corey Sanders;Daniel Davidsen;Cutfather;Peter Wallevik.
2 Alec Benjamin

Let Me Down Slowly flac

Alec Benjamin. 2019. Writer: Alec Benjamin;Sir Nolan;Michael Pollack.
3 Ariana Grande

7 Rings flac

Ariana Grande. 2019. Writer: Ariana Grande;Richard Rodgers;TBHits;Njomza;Michael "Mikey" Foster;Kaydence;Tayla Parx;Scootie;Oscar Hammerstein II;Victoria Monét.
4 DEAMN

Happy flac

DEAMN. 2019.
5 Bruno Mars

Please Me flac

Bruno Mars. 2019. Writer: J. White Did It;DJ White Shadow;Philip Lawrence;Bruno Mars;Cardi B.
6 5 Seconds Of Summer

Who Do You Love flac

5 Seconds Of Summer. 2019. Writer: Andrew Taggart;Talay Riley;Oak;Sean Douglas;Luke Hemmings;Calum Hood;Ashton Irwin;Michael Clifford;Trevorious;Zaire Koalo.
7 Brooks

Better When You're Gone flac

Brooks. 2019. Writer: David Guetta;Emma Lov Block;Ido Zmishlany;Jackson Foote;Jeremy Dussolliet;Brooks.
8 Avril Lavigne

Dumb Blonde flac

Avril Lavigne. 2019. Writer: Mitch Allan;Bonnie McKee;Nicki Minaj;Avril Lavigne.
9 Ariana Grande

Imagine flac

Ariana Grande. 2019. Writer: JProof;Priscilla Renea;Happy Perez;Andrew "Pop" Wansel;Ariana Grande.
10 Dimitri Vegas & Like Mike

Selfish flac

Dimitri Vegas & Like Mike. 2019. Writer: Victor Thell;Michael Thivaios;Maria Smith;Jeff Porcaro;Dimitri Thivaios;David Paich;Dan Book;Will Grands;ANGEMI.
11 Avril Lavigne

Birdie flac

Avril Lavigne. 2019. Writer: J.R. Rotem;Avril Lavigne.
12 Ariana Grande

Thank U, Next flac

Ariana Grande. 2019. Writer: Crazy Mike;Scootie;Victoria Monét;Tayla Parx;TBHits;Ariana Grande.
13 Avril Lavigne

Warrior flac

Avril Lavigne. 2019. Writer: Chad Kroeger;Travis Clark;Chris Baseford;Avril Lavigne.
14 Halsey

11 Minutes flac

Halsey. 2019. Writer: Matt Schwartz;Halsey;Dominic Harrison;Brynley Plumb.
15 Ariana Grande

Fake Smile flac

Ariana Grande. 2019. Writer: Joseph Frierson;Mary Frierson;Fred Ball;Happy Perez;Andrew "Pop" Wansel;Wendy Rene;Kennedi Lykken;Priscilla Renea;Justin Tranter;Ariana Grande.
16 Ariana Grande

Needy flac

Ariana Grande. 2019. Writer: Tayla Parx;TBHits;Victoria Monét;Ariana Grande.
17 Ariana Grande

Break Up With Your Girlfriend, I'm Bored flac

Ariana Grande. 2019. Writer: Kandi;Kevin "She'kspere" Briggs;Max Martin;ILYA;Savan Kotecha;Ariana Grande.

24 Comments

Skeve
Amy G
Steve
MikeyFitz
aglawyer
Barrett66
umataro42
Pray4Mojo

Suggested posts

Other Patrick Allan's posts

Language